The chemoprotection of a blueberry anthocyanin extract against the acrylamide-induced oxidative stress in mitochondria: unequivocal evidence in mice liver
Acrylamide (AA) is one of the most important contaminants occurring in heated food products. Accumulating evidence indicates that AA-induced toxicity is associated with oxidative stress and long-term exposure to AA induced mitochondria collapse and finally leads to apoptosis. Whereas anthocyanins are natural antioxidants and have a strong ability to reduce oxidative damage in vivo. This study investigates the protection of a blueberry anthocyanin extract (BAE) against AA-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress in mice models. The activities of electron transport chain complexes, oxidative status, and the structure and function of mitochondria were measured. Results showed that pretreatment with BAE markedly inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, and prevented the successive events associated with the mitochondrial damage and dysfunction, including recovered activities of electron transport chain, ATPase and superoxide dismutase, ameliorated depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential and membrane lipid peroxidation, reduced release of cytochrome c and protection of mitochondria against swelling. In a word, mitochondria are a key target at the organelle level for the protective effect of BAE against AA toxicity. These results will be helpful to provide new clues for a better understanding of the AA toxicity intervention mechanism and for exploring effective dietary constituents for intervention of AA toxicity.