Olivine LiFePO4: the remaining challenges for future energy storage
Rechargeable batteries can effectively store electrical energy as chemical energy, and release it when needed, providing a good choice for applications in electric vehicles (EVs). Naturally, safety concerns are the key issue for the application of battery technology in EVs. Olivine LiFePO4 is considered to be the most promising cathode material for lithium-ion batteries due to its environmental friendliness, high cycling performance and safety characteristics. Some important breakthroughs in recent years have allowed its successful commercialization. However, in spite of its success, the commercial application of LiFePO4 batteries in EVs is still hindered by some technological obstacles. Herein, we provide an update on our previous review, and overview the most significant advances in the remaining challenges for this promising battery material. New research directions and future trends have also been discussed.