Polyoxometalate-functionalized nanocarbon materials for energy conversion, energy storage and sensor systems
Composites based on polyoxometalates (POMs) and nanostructured carbon such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) or graphene have attracted widespread attention as they combine the unique chemical reactivity of POMs with the unparalleled electronic properties of nanocarbons. The exceptional properties of these composites have been employed in catalysis, energy conversion and storage, molecular sensors and electronics. Herein, we summarize the latest progress in POM/CNT and POM/graphene nanocomposites with a focus on energy materials for water splitting and fuel cells, composite electrode materials for batteries and supercapacitors as well as composites for environmental pollutant sensing. Current applications are critically assessed and promising future target systems are discussed.