Stimulated emission in cryogenic samples doped with free-base tetraazaporphine
Thin cryogenic samples of inert gas solids doped with free-base tetraazaporphine (H2TAP) were irradiated with a tunable pulsed laser. Under resonant electronic excitation of the guest, specific vibronic transitions of the fluorescence spectra were found to be strongly enhanced with only a moderate increase of the laser power. This enhancement is due to stimulated emission (SE). The characteristics of SE bands are described in the three hosts (Ar, N2, and Ne) explored, as well as their excitation spectra. SE is observed in transitions involving different vibrational modes of the guest, depending on the host and the electronic excitation. The results are discussed in comparison with previous works on other tetrapyrrolic molecules trapped in inert gas matrices. From this comparison the key features required to observe SE are deduced to be: (1) SE can be obtained with various tetrapyrrolic molecules; (2) free-base molecules are preferable to their metallo-counterparts; (3) the results highlight a specific molecular vibrational mode involved in the process; and (4) cryogenic crystal structures are also of importance in the detection of SE.