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Issue 33, 2015
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Water-induced phase transformation of a CuII coordination framework with pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylate and di-2-pyridyl ketone: synchrotron radiation analysis

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Abstract

Phase transformations in solid coordination frameworks (SCFs) are of interest for several applications, and this work reports a crystal-to-crystal transformation found for hydrogen-bonded CuII-based solid coordination frameworks (SCFs). Thus, the combination of PDC and (py)2C(OH)2 ligands, where PDC is pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylate and (py)2C(OH)2 is the derivative gem-diol of di-2-pyridyl ketone ((py)2CO), produces [Cu(PDC)((py)2C(OH)2)(H2O)] (1). Compound 1 transforms into [Cu(PDC)((py)2C(OH)2)] (2) by thermally-induced dehydration. Characterization of both compounds has been carried out by means of IR spectroscopy, single crystal and powdered sample X-ray diffraction (XRD) through conventional and synchrotron radiation, thermogravimetry (TG), X-ray thermodiffractometry (TDX), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Since the molecules of water in 1 are coordinated to the metal ions, their removal induces local distortions on the coordination sphere (square pyramidal for 1 and square planar for 2), which extend through the whole framework, affecting the hydrogen bond system and the packing. In fact, the wavy nature of the planes in 1 becomes sharper in 2, producing an oscillation of the framework, i.e., from open (1) to close (2) waves. The crystal-to-crystal transformation is reversible (12) and hysteresis has been observed associated with it. Quantum-mechanical calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) show that the 12 structural rearrangement involves a high amount of energy, which means that the role of the coordinated molecule of water exceeds the mere formation of hydrogen bonds.

Graphical abstract: Water-induced phase transformation of a CuII coordination framework with pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylate and di-2-pyridyl ketone: synchrotron radiation analysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 May 2015, accepted on 08 Jul 2015 and first published on 09 Jul 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CE01033K
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Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 6346-6354
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    Water-induced phase transformation of a CuII coordination framework with pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylate and di-2-pyridyl ketone: synchrotron radiation analysis

    F. Llano-Tomé, B. Bazán, M. K. Urtiaga, G. Barandika, A. Fidalgo-Marijuan, R. Fernández de Luis and M. I. Arriortua, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 6346
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CE01033K

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