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Issue 31, 2015
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Mass-transport driven growth dynamics of AlGaAs shells deposited around dense GaAs nanowires by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy

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Abstract

Group III–V compound semiconductor nanowires with radial modulation of the materials composition and/or doping in the form of core–shell and core–multishell nanowire heterostructures show promise as novel and high-performance nano-scale light emitting diodes, lasers, photodetectors and solar cells. Strict control over the growth of such radially heterostructured nanowires is, however, necessary. We report the experimental dependence of AlGaAs shell growth by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) around free-standing Au-catalysed GaAs nanowires on the relevant sizes and densities of the nanostructures. A model based on (i) the vapor mass transport of group III species, and (ii) perfect conformality between the nanowires and the substrate of AlGaAs deposition is proposed and validated, describing the observed MOVPE growth dynamics of the shell material around dense ensembles of GaAs nanowires. We predict the complex (non-linear) dependence of the shell growth rate on the initial GaAs nanowire diameters (i.e., initial Au catalyst nanoparticle size), heights, local densities on the substrate, and deposition time, which is in very good agreement with experimental data; in particular, a monotonic decrease of AlGaAs shell thickness is expected and observed with increasing nanowire density.

Graphical abstract: Mass-transport driven growth dynamics of AlGaAs shells deposited around dense GaAs nanowires by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 May 2015, accepted on 15 Jun 2015 and first published on 19 Jun 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00980D
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Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 5998-6005
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    Mass-transport driven growth dynamics of AlGaAs shells deposited around dense GaAs nanowires by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy

    I. Miccoli, P. Prete and N. Lovergine, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 5998
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00980D

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