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Issue 24, 2015
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Features of styryl dye crystal packings and their influence on [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reaction with single crystal retention

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Abstract

A new styryl dye of the 2-benzothiazole series which contains three methoxy groups and an iodide anion was synthesized. Three triclinic crystal forms of this dye were investigated by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All the modifications were shown to contain centrosymmetrically related stacks of cations with the syn-“head-to-tail” mutual arrangement. Stacks of cations are arranged as dimeric pairs with short interatomic distances between the ethylene group carbon atoms, d1 = 3.54–3.75 Å and significantly longer analogous distances between the adjacent pairs, d2 = 4.61–4.68 Å. The main difference of the packing consists in various orientations of N-ethyl substituents with respect to the centre of the dimer. The solid phase [2 + 2] photocycloaddition (PCA) reaction resulting in rctt isomer of the cyclobutane derivative, only proceeds in pairs where N-substituents are oriented outward from the centre of the dimeric pair. PCA is accomplished as a “single crystal-to-single crystal” transformation.

Graphical abstract: Features of styryl dye crystal packings and their influence on [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reaction with single crystal retention

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Apr 2015, accepted on 16 May 2015 and first published on 18 May 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00653H
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Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 4584-4591
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    Features of styryl dye crystal packings and their influence on [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reaction with single crystal retention

    L. G. Kuz'mina, A. I. Vedernikov, J. A. K. Howard, M. V. Alfimov and S. P. Gromov, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 4584
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00653H

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