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Issue 3, 2015
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Enhanced gas-sorption properties of a high surface area, ultramicroporous magnesium formate

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Abstract

The direct solvothermal reaction of Mg(NO3)2·6H2O in dimethylformamide at 130 °C leads to the formation of highly crystalline α-[Mg3(O2CH)6] with an expanded unit cell. Successful pore activation was performed after heating the material at 240 °C under dynamic vacuum. In contrast to literature reports, the pores in the activated solid are accessible to nitrogen molecules and the corresponding BET surface area is 496 m2 g−1, very close to the geometric area calculated from the single crystal structure. A detailed gas-sorption study (N2, Ar, H2, CO2, CH4 and NH3) is reported. The material is ammonia stable showing a reversible uptake of 5.4 mmol g−1 at 298 K, while the corresponding CO2 uptake is 2.2 mmol g−1 with moderate CO2/CH4 (4.6) selectivity but high CO2/N2 (23) and CH4/N2 (5.2) selectivity. The latter is among the highest values reported to date in the entire family of porous materials. The H2 uptake at 77 K is 1.2 wt% which is the highest among the reported values for various magnesium formates.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced gas-sorption properties of a high surface area, ultramicroporous magnesium formate

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Aug 2014, accepted on 18 Nov 2014 and first published on 24 Nov 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01667J
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Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 532-539
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    Enhanced gas-sorption properties of a high surface area, ultramicroporous magnesium formate

    I. Spanopoulos, I. Bratsos, Ch. Tampaxis, A. Kourtellaris, A. Tasiopoulos, G. Charalambopoulou, T. A. Steriotis and P. N. Trikalitis, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 532
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01667J

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