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Issue 26, 2014
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Facile fabrication of α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composite: a robust photocatalyst for reduction of Cr(VI) under visible light irradiation

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Abstract

A facile one step hydrothermal route has been adopted for in situ deposition of α-FeOOH nanorods over reduced graphene oxide sheets (RGO) where sodium hydroxide plays a dual role in the growth of α-FeOOH nanorods and reduction of graphene oxide (GO) to RGO. The crystallographic, microscopic, and spectroscopic properties of the as-synthesized α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composites were explored by XRD, Raman, DRUV-vis, PL, TRPL, XPS, FESEM, TEM, and photoelectrochemical measurement. The α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composite displays superior photocatalytic activity towards the reduction of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compared with neat α-FeOOH nanorod under visible light irradiation. The extended π-conjugated flat 2D layer of graphene plays a crucial role in enhancing the photocatalytic activity of α-FeOOH nanorod by channelizing the photoexcited electrons on its surface. This leads to minimization of the electron–hole recombination which is successfully derived from photoluminescence study, time-resolved photoluminescence spectra, and photoelectrochemical measurement of α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composites. The time resolved decay measurements showed longer average decay time (〈τ〉) for 3 wt% RGO loaded α-FeOOH of the order of 4.13 ns, than that of the neat α-FeOOH (2.536 ns). The improved photocurrent generation (nearly three times higher than that of the neat α-FeOOH nanorod) and low photoluminescence (PL) intensity of α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composite is a result of the well decoration and strong attachment of α-FeOOH nanorods over RGO sheets, which significantly enhance its photocatalytic activity.

Graphical abstract: Facile fabrication of α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composite: a robust photocatalyst for reduction of Cr(vi) under visible light irradiation

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Feb 2014, accepted on 23 Apr 2014 and first published on 24 Apr 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA00931B
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Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014,2, 10300-10312

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    Facile fabrication of α-FeOOH nanorod/RGO composite: a robust photocatalyst for reduction of Cr(VI) under visible light irradiation

    D. K. Padhi and K. Parida, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 10300
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA00931B

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