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Issue 42, 2014
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An equilibrium double-twist model for the radial structure of collagen fibrils

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Abstract

Mammalian tissues contain networks and ordered arrays of collagen fibrils originating from the periodic self-assembly of helical 300 nm long tropocollagen complexes. The fibril radius is typically between 25 to 250 nm, and tropocollagen at the surface appears to exhibit a characteristic twist-angle with respect to the fibril axis. Similar fibril radii and twist-angles at the surface are observed in vitro, suggesting that these features are controlled by a similar self-assembly process. In this work, we propose a physical mechanism of equilibrium radius control for collagen fibrils based on a radially varying double-twist alignment of tropocollagen within a collagen fibril. The free-energy of alignment is similar to that of liquid crystalline blue phases, and we employ an analytic Euler–Lagrange and numerical free energy minimization to determine the twist-angle between the molecular axis and the fibril axis along the radial direction. Competition between the different elastic energy components, together with a surface energy, determines the equilibrium radius and twist-angle at the fibril surface. A simplified model with a twist-angle that is linear with radius is a reasonable approximation in some parameter regimes, and explains a power-law dependence of radius and twist-angle at the surface as parameters are varied. Fibril radius and twist-angle at the surface corresponding to an equilibrium free-energy minimum are consistent with existing experimental measurements of collagen fibrils. Remarkably, in the experimental regime, all of our model parameters are important for controlling equilibrium structural parameters of collagen fibrils.

Graphical abstract: An equilibrium double-twist model for the radial structure of collagen fibrils

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Jun 2014, accepted on 26 Aug 2014 and first published on 26 Aug 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4SM01359J
Citation: Soft Matter, 2014,10, 8500-8511
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    An equilibrium double-twist model for the radial structure of collagen fibrils

    A. I. Brown, L. Kreplak and A. D. Rutenberg, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 8500
    DOI: 10.1039/C4SM01359J

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