Mn oxide/nanodiamond composite: a new water-oxidizing catalyst for water oxidation†
Herein, we report nanosized Mn oxide/nanodiamond composites as water-oxidizing compounds. The composites were synthesized by easy and simple procedures by the reaction of Mn(II) and MnO4− in the presence of ND (1), the reaction of MnO4− and ND at different temperatures (2 and 4) and by the simple mixing of Mn–Ca oxide and ND (3). The compounds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The water-oxidizing activities of these compounds were also considered in the presence of cerium(IV) ammonium nitrate. A Mn oxide/nanodiamond resulting from the reaction of MnO4− and ND shows a turnover frequency of ∼1 (mmol O2/mol Mn.s). However, other Mn oxide/nanodiamond composites show lower activity toward water oxidation.