Concerning correct and incorrect assignments of Soret (S2–S0) fluorescence in porphyrinoids: a short critical review
The relaxation dynamics of electronically excited porphyrinoids are often measured by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence methods. The unusual occurrence of measurable fluorescence from an upper excited singlet state (often identified as the second electronically excited singlet state, S2) of some porphyrins has, in recent years, prompted a spate of mis-assignments of observed emission from other porphyrinoids excited in the near UV-violet regions of the spectrum. The criteria for correctly assigning fluorescence to a Soret excited state are reviewed. Questionable and mis-assigned reports are identified.