Design, synthesis and properties of artificial nucleic acids from (R)-4-amino-butane-1,3-diol†
A new artificial nucleic acid analogue, (R)-Am-BuNA, was developed with a simplified acyclic (R)-4-amino-butane-1,3-diol phosphodiester backbone. Phosphoramidite monomers of (R)-Am-BuNA were incorporated into DNA oligonucleotides (ODNs) and G-quadruplexes. Their thermal stability, conformation change and biological stability were further investigated using UV-melting, circular dichroism (CD) and gel electrophoresis. The results suggested that thermal stability of the duplexes of (R)-Am-BuNA modified ODNs and their complementary ODN is highly dependent on the substitution position. Substitution of thymidine at the 7th position in a thrombin-binding DNA aptamer (TBA) results in a slight increase in Tm with no effect on quadruplex conformation on the CD spectrum in comparison to that of the natural G-quadruplex. Further enzymatic experiments with fetal bovine serum (FBS) and snake venom phosphodiesterase (SVPDE) indicated that only single replacement of a (R)-Am-BuNA modified nucleobase greatly inhibited oligonucleotide degradation, which shows their promising applications as capping nucleotides in nucleic acid drugs.