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Issue 7, 2014
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Zinc ions modulate protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B activity

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Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are key enzymes in cellular regulation. The 107 human PTPs are regulated by redox signalling, phosphorylation, dimerisation, and proteolysis. Recent findings of very strong inhibition of some PTPs by zinc ions at concentrations relevant in a cellular environment suggest yet another mechanism of regulation. One of the most extensively investigated PTPs is PTP1B (PTPN1). It regulates the insulin and leptin signalling pathway and is implicated in cancer and obesity/diabetes. The development of novel assay conditions to investigate zinc inhibition of PTP1B provides estimates of about 5.6 nM affinity for inhibitory zinc(II) ions. Analysis of three PTP1B 3D structures (PDB id: 2CM2, 3I80 and 1A5Y) identified putative zinc binding sites and supports the kinetic studies in suggesting an inhibitory zinc only in the closed and cysteinyl–phosphate intermediate forms of the enzyme. These observations gain significance with regard to recent findings of regulatory roles of zinc ions released from the endoplasmic reticulum.

Graphical abstract: Zinc ions modulate protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B activity

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Mar 2014, accepted on 25 Apr 2014 and first published on 25 Apr 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4MT00086B
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Citation: Metallomics, 2014,6, 1229-1239
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    Zinc ions modulate protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B activity

    E. Bellomo, A. Massarotti, C. Hogstrand and W. Maret, Metallomics, 2014, 6, 1229
    DOI: 10.1039/C4MT00086B

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