Volume 176, 2014

Oxide diffusion in innovative SOFC cathode materials


Oxide diffusion was studied in two innovative SOFC cathode materials, Ba2Co9O14 and Ca3Co4O9+δ derivatives. Although oxygen diffusion was confirmed in the promising material Ba2Co9O14, it was not possible to derive accurate transport parameters because of an oxidation process at the sample surface which has still to be clarified. In contrast, oxygen diffusion in the well-known Ca3Co4O9+δ thermoelectric material was improved when calcium was partly substituted with strontium, likely due to an increase of the volume of the rock salt layers in which the conduction process takes place. Although the diffusion coefficient remains low, interestingly, fast kinetics towards the oxygen molecule dissociation reaction were shown with surface exchange coefficients higher than those reported for the best cathode materials in the field. They increased with the strontium content; the Sr atoms potentially play a key role in the mechanism of oxygen molecule dissociation at the solid surface.

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Article type
11 Jun 2014
28 Jul 2014
First published
28 Jul 2014
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Faraday Discuss., 2014,176, 31-47

Author version available

Oxide diffusion in innovative SOFC cathode materials

Y. Hu, V. Thoréton, C. Pirovano, E. Capoen, C. Bogicevic, N. Nuns, A.-S. Mamede, G. Dezanneau and R. N. Vannier, Faraday Discuss., 2014, 176, 31 DOI: 10.1039/C4FD00129J

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