Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.

Issue 21, 2014
Previous Article Next Article

Biomimetic polyorganosiloxanes: model compounds for new materials

Author affiliations


The chemistry of N-organosilylalkyl-substituted heterocyclic bases (thymine, adenine and cytosine) is described, covering the structures of model compounds, the synthesis of substituted oligo-siloxanes and a preliminary report of the synthesis of a poly(organosiloxane) with pendant N-alkyl(heterocycle) functionalities. N-Alkenylthymines CH2[double bond, length as m-dash]CH(CH2)nT (T = thymine, n = 1 (1), 2 (2), 3 (3)) have been prepared and 2 hydrosilylated to form PhMe2Si(CH2)4T (5). Alternatively, 5 was prepared by reaction of PhMe2Si(CH2)4Br (6) with (O,O-SiMe3)2T, a method which has also been used to prepare PhMe2Si(CH2)4A (7) and PhMe2Si(CH2)4C (8) (A = adenine, C = cytosine). Model di- and tri-siloxanes [Br(CH2)4(Me)2Si]2O (10), Me3SiOSi(Me)2(CH2)4Br (11), PhMe2SiOSi(Me)2(CH2)4Br (12) and (Me3SiO)2(Me)Si(CH2)4Br (13) have been prepared by hydrosilylation of H2C[double bond, length as m-dash]C(H)(CH2)4Br with an appropriate hydrosiloxane and used to prepare Me3SiO(Me)2Si(CH2)4T (14), Me3SiO(Me)2Si(CH2)4A (15) (both from 11), and (Me3SiO)2(Me)Si(CH2)4T (16), (Me3SiO)2(Me)Si(CH2)4A (17) (both from 13). 10 reacts with thymine to give a mixture of the pyrimidocyclophane cyclo-T-N,N-[(CH2)4(Me)2Si]2O (19) and [T(CH2)4Si(Me)2]2O (20), while cytosine reacts similarly to form cyclo-C-N,N-[(CH2)4(Me)2Si]2O (21; as an imine) and [C(CH2)4Si(Me)2]2O (22); adenine only generates [A(CH2)4Si(Me)2]2O (18) in an analogous synthesis. Using a related protocol, polymeric {[MeSi(O)(CH2)4Br]2[Me2SiO]98}n (23) has been converted to {[MeSi(O)(CH2)4T]2[Me2SiO]98}n (24) and {[MeSi(O)(CH2)4A]2[Me2SiO]98}n (25). The structures of 4, 5, 8, 19 and 21, along with a 2 : 1 adduct of 5 with Ni(dithiobiuret)2 (9) are reported.

Graphical abstract: Biomimetic polyorganosiloxanes: model compounds for new materials

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information

21 Feb 2014
20 Mar 2014
First published
04 Apr 2014

Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 7734-7746
Article type
Author version available

Biomimetic polyorganosiloxanes: model compounds for new materials

G. Kociok-Köhn, M. F. Mahon, K. C. Molloy, G. J. Price, T. J. Prior and D. R. G. Smith, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 7734
DOI: 10.1039/C4DT00554F

Social activity

Search articles by author