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Issue 8, 2014
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Colloidal silicon quantum dots: from preparation to the modification of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for bio-applications

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Abstract

Concerns over possible toxicities of conventional metal-containing quantum dots have inspired growing research interests in colloidal silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs), or silicon quantum dots (SiQDs). This is related to their potential applications in a number of fields such as solar cells, optoelectronic devices and fluorescent bio-labelling agents. The past decade has seen significant progress in the understanding of fundamental physics and surface properties of silicon nanocrystals. Such understanding is based on the advances in the preparation and characterization of surface passivated colloidal silicon nanocrystals. In this critical review, we summarize recent advances in the methods of preparing high quality silicon nanocrystals and strategies for forming self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), with a focus on their bio-applications. We highlight some of the major challenges that remain, as well as lessons learnt when working with silicon nanocrystals (239 references).

Graphical abstract: Colloidal silicon quantum dots: from preparation to the modification of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for bio-applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Oct 2013 and first published on 07 Jan 2014


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60353A
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Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014,43, 2680-2700
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    Colloidal silicon quantum dots: from preparation to the modification of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for bio-applications

    X. Cheng, S. B. Lowe, P. J. Reece and J. J. Gooding, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 2680
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60353A

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