Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance work on Wednesday 27th March 2019 from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM (GMT).

During this time our website performance may be temporarily affected. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.

Issue 6, 2014
Previous Article Next Article

Topological reaction sites – very strong chalcogen bonds

Author affiliations


The analysis of interactions in complexes of S(CN)2, Se(CN)2, SFCl and SeFCl with F and Cl anions is performed here. The sulphur and selenium atoms act in these complexes as Lewis acid centres interacting with fluorine and chlorine anions. The arrangement of sub-units in complexes is in agreement with the σ-hole concept; particularly it is a result of contacts between positive and negative electrostatic potential sites. The interactions in complexes analyzed may be classified as very strong charge assisted chalcogen bonds and they possess numerous characteristics typical for covalent bonds. Even in the case of complexes of SFCl and SeFCl, i.e. SFCl2 and SeFCl2, the trivalency of the chalcogen atom is observed. The calculations were carried out at the MP2(full)/aug-cc-pVTZ level of approximation, the analyses were performed with the use of the Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) method, the Quantum Theory of ‘Atoms in Molecules’ (QTAIM) and the Electron Localization Function (ELF) approach. The results obtained by these methods are in agreement giving the consistent picture of the complexes' configurations and their electron charge distribution. The QTAIM and ELF approaches allow us to predict for S(CN)2, Se(CN)2, SFCl and SeFCl molecules the directions of nucleophilic attack. They are in line with the prediction based on the σ-hole concept. The Symmetry Adapted Perturbation Theory (SAPT) approach was also applied.

Graphical abstract: Topological reaction sites – very strong chalcogen bonds

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 06 Oct 2013, accepted on 23 Nov 2013 and first published on 27 Nov 2013

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP54208D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 2430-2442

  •   Request permissions

    Topological reaction sites – very strong chalcogen bonds

    E. Alikhani, F. Fuster, B. Madebene and S. J. Grabowski, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 2430
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP54208D

Search articles by author