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Issue 22, 2014
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3-Aminophenylboronic acid-functionalized CuInS2 quantum dots as a near-infrared fluorescence probe for the detection of dicyandiamide

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Abstract

In this paper, a simple and highly selective method for the determination of dicyandiamide (DCD) was developed based on the fluorescence quenching of functionalized CuInS2 quantum dots (QDs). Water-soluble CuInS2 QDs, capped by mercaptopropionic acid, were directly synthesized in aqueous solution and then covalently linked to 3-aminophenylboronic acid molecules to form the 3-aminophenylboronic acid-functionalized CuInS2 QDs (F-CuInS2 QDs) that had a fairly symmetric fluorescence emission centered at 736 nm. Based on the cyclization of the guanidine group of DCD with 2,3-butanedione and 3-aminophenylboronic acid, the fluorescence of the F-CuInS2 QDs is quenched by DCD in the presence of 2,3-butanedione. This method effectively distinguishes DCD from other amino acids and nitrogen pollutants, such as melamine, in real milk samples. Under optimum conditions, there was a good linear relationship between the fluorescence intensity of F-CuInS2 QDs and the concentration of DCD in the range of 2.0 × 10−6 to 2.0 × 10−3 mol L−1, with a detection limit of 0.6 μmol L−1.

Graphical abstract: 3-Aminophenylboronic acid-functionalized CuInS2 quantum dots as a near-infrared fluorescence probe for the detection of dicyandiamide

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jun 2014, accepted on 21 Aug 2014 and first published on 22 Aug 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4AN01065E
Citation: Analyst, 2014,139, 5852-5857
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    3-Aminophenylboronic acid-functionalized CuInS2 quantum dots as a near-infrared fluorescence probe for the detection of dicyandiamide

    S. Liu, S. Pang, H. Huang and X. Su, Analyst, 2014, 139, 5852
    DOI: 10.1039/C4AN01065E

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