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Issue 24, 2013
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Surfactant-assisted synthesis of a Co3O4/reduced graphene oxide composite as a superior anode material for Li-ion batteries

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Abstract

A Co3O4/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite was prepared by a convenient PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone)-assisted method under reflux conditions. The prepared composite material consists of uniform Co3O4 nanoparticles (NPs about 100 nm), which are tightly enwrapped by rGO in the presence of PVP. This has been confirmed through observations by field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The Co3O4/rGO composite exhibits superior Li-battery performance with large reversible capacity, excellent cyclic performance, and good rate capability, which is higher than that of the previously reported pure rGO and Co3O4 NPs. The anode was able to deliver a discharge capacity of 860 mA h g−1 during the 120th cycle at 40 mA g−1. The superior electrochemical performance of the Co3O4/rGO composite is attributed to its unique nanostructure, which closely combines the conductive graphene network with the uniformly dispersed Co3O4 NPs. X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) was used to analyze the Co oxidation state of the Co3O4/rGO composite electrode.

Graphical abstract: Surfactant-assisted synthesis of a Co3O4/reduced graphene oxide composite as a superior anode material for Li-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Dec 2012, accepted on 08 Apr 2013 and first published on 08 Apr 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA01498C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 7159-7166

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    Surfactant-assisted synthesis of a Co3O4/reduced graphene oxide composite as a superior anode material for Li-ion batteries

    L. Pan, H. Zhao, W. Shen, X. Dong and J. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 7159
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA01498C

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