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Issue 10, 2013
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Self-assembled hydrophobic surface generated from a helical nanofilament (B4) liquid crystal phase

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Abstract

Hydrophobic air/liquid crystal (LC) surfaces exhibiting self-assembled dual scale roughness have been made by simple cooling of a bent-core mesogen from its high temperature isotropic melt through two liquid crystal phases. The transition to the fluid smectic B2 phase generates micron-scale toric focal conic domains (TFCDs) at the surface. Upon further cooling into the hexatic smectic B4 phase these TFCD structures are preserved and become textured by the nanometer-sized helical nanofilaments (HNFs) of the B4. The resulting TFCD/HNF surface is hydrophobic and shows clear evidence for surface tension reduction characteristic of dual-scale roughness, suggesting a simple self-assembly-based approach to low surface tension surfaces using LC morphology.

Graphical abstract: Self-assembled hydrophobic surface generated from a helical nanofilament (B4) liquid crystal phase

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Sep 2012, accepted on 14 Jan 2013 and first published on 31 Jan 2013


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C3SM27221D
Citation: Soft Matter, 2013,9, 2793-2797
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    Self-assembled hydrophobic surface generated from a helical nanofilament (B4) liquid crystal phase

    H. Kim, Y. Yi, D. Chen, E. Korblova, D. M. Walba, N. A. Clark and D. K. Yoon, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 2793
    DOI: 10.1039/C3SM27221D

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