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Issue 41, 2013
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Assembling TiO2nanocrystals into nanotube networks on two dimensional substrates

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Beyond the superlattices, there are few other intricate superstructures that have been successfully assembled on a 2D substrate from nanocrystal building blocks. Here, we show the direct assembly of oleic acid-capped TiO2 nanocrystals into nanotube networks with good connectivity on 2D substrates. The assembly process was controlled by ethanol vapor. A combination of theoretical calculations and experimental data demonstrates a non-spontaneous assembly process with solvent vapour–ligand interactions, which is in agreement with the experimental results, but different from the widely reported nanocrystal superlattice assembly driven by entropy or enthalpy. From FT-IR spectra, we determined the occurrence of the solventligand interaction; the oleic acid ligands of TiO2 nanocrystals transform into ethyl oleate due to the esterification of oleic acid by ethanol vapor, which may play a main role in driving the assembly process. Changing ethanol to tetrahydrofuran vapor prevented generation of nanotube-network structures, supplying indirect proof for this theory.

Graphical abstract: Assembling TiO2 nanocrystals into nanotube networks on two dimensional substrates

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Supplementary files

Article information

16 May 2013
16 Jul 2013
First published
17 Jul 2013

RSC Adv., 2013,3, 18894-18899
Article type

Assembling TiO2 nanocrystals into nanotube networks on two dimensional substrates

Y. Liu, S. Zhan, J. Shi, Q. Peng and Y. Li, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 18894
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA42427H

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