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Issue 17, 2013
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Morphology control of nickel oxalate by soft chemistry and conversion to nickel oxide for application in photocatalysis

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Abstract

The present work provides an effective methodology for controlled room-temperature aqueous synthesis of nickel oxalate (NiOX) nanosheets and nanoflakes in the presence of anion rich self-assembled bilayers of catanionic surfactant comprising of anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and cationic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Encouragingly alteration of the CTAB/SDS ratio played an extraordinary role to form nanoflakes and nanosheets of NiOX. Our synthetic approach is combined with calcination to produce antiferromagnetic spherical and hexagonal nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles (NPs) as the end product. Synthesized nanostructured NiOX and NiO were characterized by X-ray diffraction study (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM studies illustrated that spherical NiO NPs have an average size around 5–10 nm and that of hexagonal NiO NPs have average width of about 22–27 nm. Temperature and field dependent magnetic properties of spherical and hexagonal NiO nanomaterials (NMs) were measured by using a SQUID magnetometer which revealed canted antiferromagnetic and spin glass nature, respectively. In addition, we report photocatalytic activity of NiO NMs, investigated on the photodegradation of phenol under ambient conditions, and as expected, the NiO having largest surface area showed best catalytic efficiency. This biomimetic catanionic surfactant inspired approach which require only metal ions as reactants have a definite potential towards an alternative, simple way of synthesizing metal oxide NMs.

Graphical abstract: Morphology control of nickel oxalate by soft chemistry and conversion to nickel oxide for application in photocatalysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Aug 2012, accepted on 05 Feb 2013 and first published on 06 Feb 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA21978J
Citation: RSC Adv., 2013,3, 6106-6116
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    Morphology control of nickel oxalate by soft chemistry and conversion to nickel oxide for application in photocatalysis

    S. Rakshit, S. Chall, S. S. Mati, A. Roychowdhury, S.P. Moulik and S. C. Bhattacharya, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 6106
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA21978J

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