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Issue 1, 2013
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Selectivity control during the solid supported protic acids catalysed synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles and mechanistic insight to rationalize selectivity

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Abstract

Selectivity control during the formation of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles has been achieved for the reaction of o-phenylenediamine with aldehydes in the presence of solid supported protic acids as catalysts and choosing an appropriate reaction medium. Perchloric acid adsorbed on silica-gel (HClO4–SiO2) was found to be the most effective catalyst system for the synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles in EtOH at rt. Apart from the catalyst and solvent, the electronic and steric factors of the aldehyde and the electronic factor of the o-phenylenediamine are also significant contributory factors in dictating the selectivity. An understanding of the mechanistic course of the formation of the 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles has been outlined that would rationalise the origin of selectivity control under the set experimental parameters.

Graphical abstract: Selectivity control during the solid supported protic acids catalysed synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles and mechanistic insight to rationalize selectivity

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Article information


Submitted
30 Aug 2012
Accepted
17 Oct 2012
First published
22 Oct 2012

RSC Adv., 2013,3, 91-98
Article type
Paper

Selectivity control during the solid supported protic acids catalysed synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles and mechanistic insight to rationalize selectivity

D. Kumar, D. N. Kommi, R. Chebolu, S. K. Garg, R. Kumar and A. K. Chakraborti, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 91
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA21994H

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