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Issue 18, 2013
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A structure-based design of new C2- and C13-substituted taxanes: tubulin binding affinities and extended quantitative structure–activity relationships using comparative binding energy (COMBINE) analysis

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Abstract

Ten novel taxanes bearing modifications at the C2 and C13 positions of the baccatin core have been synthesized and their binding affinities for mammalian tubulin have been experimentally measured. The design strategy was guided by (i) calculation of interaction energy maps with carbon, nitrogen and oxygen probes within the taxane-binding site of β-tubulin, and (ii) the prospective use of a structure-based QSAR (COMBINE) model derived from an earlier series comprising 47 congeneric taxanes. The tubulin-binding affinity displayed by one of the new compounds (CTX63) proved to be higher than that of docetaxel, and an updated COMBINE model provided a good correlation between the experimental binding free energies and a set of weighted residue-based ligand–receptor interaction energies for 54 out of the 57 compounds studied. The remaining three outliers from the original training series have in common a large unfavourable entropic contribution to the binding free energy that we attribute to taxane preorganization in aqueous solution in a conformation different from that compatible with tubulin binding. Support for this proposal was obtained from solution NMR experiments and molecular dynamics simulations in explicit water. Our results shed additional light on the determinants of tubulin-binding affinity for this important class of antitumour agents and pave the way for further rational structural modifications.

Graphical abstract: A structure-based design of new C2- and C13-substituted taxanes: tubulin binding affinities and extended quantitative structure–activity relationships using comparative binding energy (COMBINE) analysis

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
26 Feb 2013
Accepted
12 Mar 2013
First published
12 Mar 2013

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013,11, 3046-3056
Article type
Paper

A structure-based design of new C2- and C13-substituted taxanes: tubulin binding affinities and extended quantitative structure–activity relationships using comparative binding energy (COMBINE) analysis

C. Coderch, Y. Tang, J. Klett, S. Zhang, Y. Ma, W. Shaorong, R. Matesanz, B. Pera, A. Canales, J. Jiménez-Barbero, A. Morreale, J. F. Díaz, W. Fang and F. Gago, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013, 11, 3046
DOI: 10.1039/C3OB40407B

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