DNA-enhanced peroxidase-like activity of layered double hydroxide nanosheets and applications in H2O2 and glucose sensing†
LDH nanosheets were obtained via continuous impaction and exfoliation by herring sperm DNA molecules using a constant vibration method. DNA–LDH nanohybrids were composed by electrostatic forces and they exhibited DNA-enhanced peroxidase-like activity. The morphology and structure of DNA–LDH nanohybrids were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected-area electron diffraction (SAED), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) characterization. On the basis of the high catalytic activity of DNA/CuAl–LDH nanosheets, a rapid, sensitive, and convenient approach was developed for colorimetric detection of H2O2 and blood glucose. This method can be potentially applied in medical diagnostics and biotechnology fields.