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Issue 10, 2013
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Effect of selenium-enriched exopolysaccharide produced by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis on signaling molecules in mouse spleen lymphocytes

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Abstract

Selenium-enriched exopolysaccharides (Se-EPS) produced by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis can be used as a safe and effective selenium (Se) supplement. Analysis of the Se content and monosaccharide components of Se-EPS demonstrated that it consisted of mannose, fucose, ribose, glucose, galactose, and arabinose with a molar ratio of 5.48 : 0.39 : 9.77 : 4.03 : 1.00 : 1.92, and an Se content of 183.263 μg g−1. The differing effects of Se-EPS and EPS on calcium channels and certain key secondary messengers in spleen lymphocytes were examined and compared. Results showed that low-dose Se-EPS, but not EPS, increased the intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) levels of mouse spleen lymphocytes. Se-EPS also increased the expression and phosphorylation of Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent kinase (CaMK) II in lymphocytes. In addition, increased intracellular Ca2+ levels were also found in the cells with blocked Ca2+ channels. We speculated that Se-EPS enhanced the activation and proliferation of lymphocytes through calcium signaling by drawing from extracellular and intracellular stores. Low-dose Se-EPS also enhanced NO production, cAMP levels and PKA activity. We speculated that low-dose Se-EPS may activate certain pathways, including the calcium channel, NO, cAMP, and PKA related pathways.

Graphical abstract: Effect of selenium-enriched exopolysaccharide produced by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis on signaling molecules in mouse spleen lymphocytes

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jun 2013, accepted on 08 Aug 2013 and first published on 09 Aug 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3FO60216H
Food Funct., 2013,4, 1489-1495

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    Effect of selenium-enriched exopolysaccharide produced by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis on signaling molecules in mouse spleen lymphocytes

    L. Liu, D. Pan, X. Zeng and H. Li, Food Funct., 2013, 4, 1489
    DOI: 10.1039/C3FO60216H

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