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Issue 2, 2013
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Corrosion of magnesium electrolytes: chlorides – the culprit

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Abstract

Chloride containing magnesium electrolytes are corrosive towards non noble metals. Currently the development of non-corrosive magnesium electrolytes is a key challenge on the road to a rechargeable magnesium battery. The component responsible for corrosion of magnesium electrolytes has not been previously elucidated. Here we clarify that chlorides in the cation (Mg2(μ-Cl)3·6THF)+ are a major culprit for corrosion. We also corroborate the feasibility of ion exchange reactions as a suitable synthetic approach towards magnesium electrolytes which do not contain the cation (Mg2(μ-Cl)3·6THF)+. Our results indicate that magnesium organoborates are an interesting class of magnesium electrolytes which undergo magnesium deposition and dissolution and are non-corrosive in nature at high voltages.

Graphical abstract: Corrosion of magnesium electrolytes: chlorides – the culprit

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2012, accepted on 03 Dec 2012 and first published on 10 Dec 2012


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE23686A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2013,6, 482-487
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    Corrosion of magnesium electrolytes: chlorides – the culprit

    J. Muldoon, C. B. Bucur, A. G. Oliver, J. Zajicek, G. D. Allred and W. C. Boggess, Energy Environ. Sci., 2013, 6, 482
    DOI: 10.1039/C2EE23686A

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