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Issue 14, 2013
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Ubiquitous trisulfur radical anion: fundamentals and applications in materials science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry and geochemistry

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Abstract

The trisulfur radical anion [S3 is well-known from inorganic chemistry textbooks as the blue chromophore in ultramarine blues in which this highly reactive species is trapped in a zeolitic framework. Recent findings have revealed that [S3 has a multi-faceted role in a variety of media, including alkali metal–sulfur batteries, aqueous solutions at high temperatures and pressures, and ionic liquids; it has also been used to detect trace amounts of water in organic solvents. This tutorial review illustrates how various physical techniques are used to identify a reactive species in solution and shows how elucidation of electronic structures can be used to explain spectroscopic and structural properties. Examples of the function of [S3 in materials science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry and geochemistry are used to illustrate the widespread influence of this fundamentally important triatomic sulfur species.

Graphical abstract: Ubiquitous trisulfur radical anion: fundamentals and applications in materials science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry and geochemistry

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Article information


Submitted
27 Mar 2013
First published
30 Apr 2013

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,42, 5996-6005
Article type
Tutorial Review

Ubiquitous trisulfur radical anion: fundamentals and applications in materials science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry and geochemistry

T. Chivers and P. J. W. Elder, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 5996
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60119F

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