Collinear double pulse laser ablation in water for the production of silver nanoparticles
Experiments of collinear Double Pulse Laser Ablation in Liquid (DP-LAL) were carried out for studying the production mechanisms of nanoparticles (NPs) in water, which revealed the fundamental role of the cavitation bubble dynamics in the formation of aqueous colloidal dispersions. In this work, DP-LAL was used to generate silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from a silver target submerged in water at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, by using the second harmonic (532 nm) of two Nd:YAG lasers. The second laser pulse was shot at different delay times (i.e. interpulse delay) during the bubble temporal evolution of the first laser induced bubble. Optical Emission Spectroscopy, Shadowgraph Images, Surface Plasmon Resonance absorption spectroscopy and Dynamic Light Scattering were carried out to study the behaviour of laser-induced plasma and cavitation bubbles during the laser ablation in liquid, to monitor the generation of AgNPs under different conditions, and for characterization of NPs. The results of DP-LAL were always compared with the corresponding ones obtained with Single Pulse Laser Ablation in Liquid (SP-LAL), so as to highlight the peculiarities of the two different techniques.