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Issue 14, 2013
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Co-crystallization turned on the phosphorescence of phenanthrene by C–Br⋯π halogen bonding, π–hole⋯π bonding and other assisting interactions

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Abstract

A novel cocrystal was successfully constructed by 1,4-dibromotetrafluorobenzene (1,4-DBrTFB) and phenanthrene (Phe) based on C–Br⋯π halogen bonding, π–hole⋯π bonding, C–H⋯π, C–H⋯Br and C–H⋯F hydrogen bonding, and was well characterized by XRD and powder XRD. The stoichiometry of Phe to 1,4-DBrTFB is 3 : 2. Due to the introduction of 1,4-DBrTFB, Phe exists as two states in the cocrystal. One is isolated by π–hole⋯π bonding between 1,4-DBrTFB and Phe; the other is delocalized by π–π conjugation between Phe molecules. Interestingly, the two different states are corresponding to different phosphorescent emissions: the isolated Phe spanning 565 to 741 nm with a longer lifetime; the delocalized Phe from 672 to 741 nm with shorter lifetime. The emission spectra and decay are well matched with its structure. The phosphorescence of Phe in the cocrystal is not only turned efficiently on but also well modulated. Moreover, the cocrystal as suspended micro-particles can be very easily assembled in the aqueous phase. It should be instructive to prepare micro- or nano-materials with predictable and modulated luminescent properties.

Graphical abstract: Co-crystallization turned on the phosphorescence of phenanthrene by C–Br⋯π halogen bonding, π–hole⋯π bonding and other assisting interactions

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Oct 2012, accepted on 15 Jan 2013 and first published on 16 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE26661C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 2722-2730

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    Co-crystallization turned on the phosphorescence of phenanthrene by C–Br⋯π halogen bonding, π–hole⋯π bonding and other assisting interactions

    X. Pang, H. Wang, X. R. Zhao and W. J. Jin, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 2722
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE26661C

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