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Issue 10, 2013
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Structure, hydrogen bond network and proton conductivity of new benzimidazole compounds with dicarboxylic acids

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Abstract

Dicarboxylic acids are interesting for crystal engineering due to their ability of hydrogen bond formation. To find a relationship between the molecular structure and the properties of proton conducting materials, we synthesized two compounds of benzimidazole with dicarboxylic acids of different chain length: glutaric and pimelic acids. The structure of the compounds was determined by X-ray diffraction and compared with molecular arrangement studied by 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy supported by Density Functional Theory computations for benzimidazole. Benzimidazole was found to form salt with glutaric acid in a 1 : 1 ratio and monoclinic layer-type structure with P21/n space group. Flat layers, parallel to (−102) plane, are built of glutaric acid molecules linked into rectangular-type chains by O–H⋯O bonds and benzimidazole molecules attached to the chains by N–H⋯O bonds. The molecule of the benzimidazole compound with pimelic acid contains two benzimidazole rings and one pimelic acid chain. The structure with alternating layers, built of two groups of benzimidazole dimers and layers of pimelic acid chains, belongs to P21/n space group. The acid layers are built of pimelic acid molecules linked by O–H⋯O hydrogen bonds into chains parallel to [30−1] direction and the benzimidazole dimers are linked to the acid layers by N–H⋯O bonds. Impedance spectroscopy studies in wide frequency and temperature range of pellets made of powdered compounds enabled to separate the contributions of crystalline and grain boundary parts to the electric conductivity. The conductivity (averaged over all directions) of the crystalline compounds of benzimidazole with glutaric and pimelic acid is characterized by activation energy of 2.5 eV and 1.6 eV, respectively, which is in an agreement with the hydrogen bond network in the materials.

Graphical abstract: Structure, hydrogen bond network and proton conductivity of new benzimidazole compounds with dicarboxylic acids

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Article information


Submitted
27 Sep 2012
Accepted
12 Dec 2012
First published
17 Dec 2012

CrystEngComm, 2013,15, 1950-1959
Article type
Paper

Structure, hydrogen bond network and proton conductivity of new benzimidazole compounds with dicarboxylic acids

K. Pogorzelec-Glaser, A. Rachocki, P. Ławniczak, A. Pietraszko, C. Pawlaczyk, B. Hilczer and M. Pugaczowa-Michalska, CrystEngComm, 2013, 15, 1950
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE26571K

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