An approach for quantitative analysis of vitamins D and B9 and their metabolites in human biofluids by on-line orthogonal sample preparation and sequential mass spectrometry detection†
An approach for quantitative analysis of two vitamins with different polarities (vitamins D and B9) and their metabolites is presented here. The approach is based on an experimental setup based on hyphenation of an automated workstation for preparation of liquid samples and an LC-MS/MS system with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. This configuration enabled development of an orthogonal protocol for sequential SPE retention of analytes with different polarities for subsequent elution and chromatographic separation prior to detection. The resulting method was validated by application to three human biofluids. Estimation of recovery factors in the SPE step led to values from 85.2 to 100% for vitamin D and metabolites and from 93.1 to 100% for vitamin B9 and metabolites (folic acid and folates). The influence of sample matrix variability by analysis of human serum, urine and breast milk was minimized with a complete optimization of the SPE step. The utility of the proposed configuration is shown by the sensitivity and precision of the method, expressed as limits of detection (between 0.2 and 0.30 ng mL−1 or 4 and 60 pg on-column) and within-laboratory reproducibility (lower than 6.7%, as relative standard deviation). The present application represents an example of determination methods involving targeted analysis of compounds with different polarities using a single aliquot of the sample.