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Issue 2, 2012
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Effects of a new photoactivatable cationic porphyrin on ciliated protozoa and branchiopod crustaceans, potential components of freshwater ecosystems polluted by pathogenic agents and their vectors

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Abstract

The increasing use of photosensitized processes for disinfection of microbiologically polluted waters requires a precise definition of the factors controlling the degree of photosensitivity in target and non-target organisms. In this regard, tests with protozoa and invertebrates which have a natural habitat in such waters may be used as first screening methods for the assessment of possible hazards for the ecosystem. A new cationic porphyrin, namely meso-tri(N-methyl-pyridyl)mono(N-dodecyl-pyridyl)porphine (C12), is tested in this work on the protozoan Ciliophora Colpoda inflata and Tetrahymena thermophila and the Crustacea Branchiopoda Artemia franciscana and Daphnia magna. The protocol involved 1 h incubation with porphyrin doses in the 0.1–10.0 μM range and subsequent irradiation with visible light at a fluence rate of 10 mW cm−2. The results indicate that C12 porphyrin has a significant affinity for C. inflata and T. thermophila; this is also shown by fluorescence microscopic analyses. C. inflata cysts were resistant to the phototreatment up to a porphyrin dose of 0.6 μM. The effects of C12 on cysts have been evaluated at 3 and 24 h after the end of the phototreatment; a delay in the excystment process was observed. T. thermophila was fairly resistant to the phototreatment with C12 porphyrin. The data obtained with the two crustaceans indicated that the effects of dark- and photo-treatment with C12 need to be closely examined for every organism. A. franciscana is more resistant, probably owing to its ability to adapt to extreme conditions, while the high level of photosensitivity displayed by Daphnia magna represents a potential drawback, as this organism is often selected as a reference standard for assessing the environmental safety. Thus, while C12 photosensitisation can represent a useful tool for inducing a microbicidal or larvicidal action on polluted waters, the irradiation protocols must be carefully tailored to the nature of the specific water basin, and in particular to its biotic characteristics.

Graphical abstract: Effects of a new photoactivatable cationic porphyrin on ciliated protozoa and branchiopod crustaceans, potential components of freshwater ecosystems polluted by pathogenic agents and their vectors

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 May 2011, accepted on 10 Sep 2011 and first published on 20 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1PP05154G
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2012,11, 294-301
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    Effects of a new photoactivatable cationic porphyrin on ciliated protozoa and branchiopod crustaceans, potential components of freshwater ecosystems polluted by pathogenic agents and their vectors

    C. Fabris, M. Soncin, G. Jori, A. Habluetzel, L. Lucantoni, S. Sawadogo, L. Guidolin and O. Coppellotti, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2012, 11, 294
    DOI: 10.1039/C1PP05154G

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