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Issue 8, 2012
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Analogues of uracil nucleosides with intrinsic fluorescence (NIF-analogues): synthesis and photophysical properties

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Abstract

Uridine cannot be utilized as fluorescent probe due to its extremely low quantum yield. For improving the uracil fluorescence characteristics we extended the natural chromophore at the C5 position by coupling substituted aromatic rings directly or via an alkenyl or alkynyl linker to create fluorophores. Extension of the uracil base was achieved by treating 5-I-uridine with the appropriate boronic acid under the Suzuki coupling conditions. Analogues containing an alkynyl linker were obtained from 5-I-uridine and the suitable boronic acid in a Sonogashira coupling reaction. The uracil fluorescent analogues proposed here were designed to satisfy the following requirements: a minimal chemical modification at a position not involved in base-pairing, resulting in relatively long absorption and emission wavelengths and high quantum yield. 5-((4-Methoxy-phenyl)-trans-vinyl)-2′-deoxy-uridine, 6b, was found to be a promising fluorescent probe. Probe 6b exhibits a quantum yield that is 3000-fold larger than that of the natural chromophore (Φ 0.12), maximum emission (478 nm) which is 170 nm red shifted as compared to uridine, and a Stokes shift of 143 nm. In addition, since probe 6b adopts the anti conformation and Ssugar puckering favored by B-DNA, it makes a promising nucleoside analogue to be incorporated in an oligonucleotide probe for detection of genetic material.

Graphical abstract: Analogues of uracil nucleosides with intrinsic fluorescence (NIF-analogues): synthesis and photophysical properties

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
07 Sep 2011
Accepted
17 Nov 2011
First published
05 Jan 2012

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012,10, 1571-1580
Article type
Paper

Analogues of uracil nucleosides with intrinsic fluorescence (NIF-analogues): synthesis and photophysical properties

M. Segal and B. Fischer, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2012, 10, 1571
DOI: 10.1039/C1OB06536J

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