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Issue 2, 2012
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The properties of BiSb nanoribbons from first-principles calculations

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The structural, electronic and magnetic properties of BiSb nanoribbons (BSNRs) with different widths and edge configurations are investigated via the first-principles pseudopotential method. It is found that the pristine BSNRs with armchair edges (ABSNRs) are semiconductors and the band gaps exhibit a width dependent odd–even oscillation. In contrast, the pristine BSNRs with zigzag edges (ZBSNRs) are found to be metallic. When all the edge atoms are passivated by hydrogen, both the ABSNRs and ZBSNRs become semiconducting and the corresponding band gaps decrease monotonically with the increasing width. If, however, the edge atoms are partially passivated, the ABSNRs can be either semiconducting or metallic. Moreover, local magnetism appears when all the edge Sb atoms are passivated and there are one or more unsaturated Bi atoms. Using the nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) approach, we find that all the investigated odd-numbered ABSNRs have almost the same peak value of the power factor around the Fermi level. This is not the case for the even-numbered ABSNRs, where the peaks are twice that of when they are n-type doped. Our calculations indicate that BSNRs can have a very high room temperature figure of merit (ZT value), which makes them very promising candidates for thermoelectric applications.

Graphical abstract: The properties of BiSb nanoribbons from first-principles calculations

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Oct 2011, accepted on 28 Oct 2011 and first published on 21 Nov 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1NR11585E
Nanoscale, 2012,4, 511-517

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    The properties of BiSb nanoribbons from first-principles calculations

    H. Y. Lv, H. J. Liu, X. J. Tan, L. Pan, Y. W. Wen, J. Shi and X. F. Tang, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 511
    DOI: 10.1039/C1NR11585E

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