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Issue 10, 2012
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Using tetraphenylethene and carbazole to create efficient luminophores with aggregation-induced emission, high thermal stability, and good hole-transporting property

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Abstract

Tetraphenylethene (TPE) is an archetypal luminogen that exhibits a phenomenon of aggregation-induced emission (AIE), while carbazole is a conventional chromophore which shows the opposite effect of aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) of light emission in the condensed phase. Melding the two units at the molecular level generates a group of new luminescent materials that suffer no ACQ effect but depict high solid-state fluorescence quantum yields up to unity, demonstrative of the uniqueness of the approach to solve the ACQ problem of traditional luminophores. All the TPE–carbazole adducts are thermally and morphologically stable, showing high glass-transition temperatures (up to 179 °C) and thermal-degradation temperatures (up to 554 °C). Multilayer electroluminescence devices with configurations of ITO/NPB/emitter/TPBi/Alq3/LiF/Al are constructed, which exhibit sky blue light in high luminance (up to 13 650 cd m−2) and high current and external quantum efficiencies (up to 3.8 cd A−1, and 1.8%, respectively). The devices of the luminogens fabricated in the absence of NPB or hole-transporting layer show even higher efficiencies up to 6.3 cd A−1 and 2.3%, thanks to the good hole-transporting property of the carbazole unit.

Graphical abstract: Using tetraphenylethene and carbazole to create efficient luminophores with aggregation-induced emission, high thermal stability, and good hole-transporting property

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Sep 2011, accepted on 22 Dec 2011 and first published on 23 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM14914A
J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 4527-4534

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    Using tetraphenylethene and carbazole to create efficient luminophores with aggregation-induced emission, high thermal stability, and good hole-transporting property

    Z. Zhao, C. Y. K. Chan, S. Chen, C. Deng, J. W. Y. Lam, C. K. W. Jim, Y. Hong, P. Lu, Z. Chang, X. Chen, P. Lu, H. S. Kwok, H. Qiu and B. Z. Tang, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 4527
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JM14914A

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