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Issue 40, 2012
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Preparation and structures of coordination complexes of the very hard Lewis acids ZrF4 and HfF4

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Abstract

[MF4(dmso)2] (M = Zr or Hf) and [MF4(dmf)2], prepared by dissolving MF4·nH2O in the appropriate solvent, have been used as synthons for a range of complexes of these otherwise intractable tetrafluorides. These reagents react with OPR3 (R = Me or Ph) or OAsPh3 (L) in anhydrous CH2Cl2 to form six-coordinate [MF4L2] which exist as a mixture of cis (predominant form) and trans isomers in CH2Cl2 solution but which crystallise as trans (OPPh3, OAsPh3) or cis (OPMe3) forms. Cis-[ZrF4(OAsPh3)2] crystals were obtained from MeCN. Cis-[MF4(pyNO)2] and eight-coordinate (distorted dodecahedral) [MF4(L–L)2] (L–L = 2,2′-bipy, or 1,10-phen), and [MF4(Me4-cyclam)] were also obtained. Attempts to prepare complexes with the N-heterocyclic carbene, 1,3-(2,6-di-isopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (IDiPP) or alkyl diphosphines were unsuccessful. Crystal structures are reported for trans-[ZrF4(OPPh3)2], cis- and trans-[ZrF4(OAsPh3)2], cis-[HfF4(OPMe3)2], [ZrF4(2,2′-bipy)2], cis-[HfF4(dmf)2], and geometric isomers (both pentagonal bipyramidal) of [(dmso)2F3M(μ-F)2MF3(dmso)2]. The failed attempts to make IDiPP adducts led to crystals of [IDiPPH]3[M3F15] containing discrete anions based upon a triangle of M atoms with single F bridges. The results are compared with previous work on TiF4 adducts and with complexes of MCl4, and demonstrate that the MF4 are very hard Lewis acids, with a marked preference for O- over N-donors.

Graphical abstract: Preparation and structures of coordination complexes of the very hard Lewis acids ZrF4 and HfF4

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Jul 2012, accepted on 24 Aug 2012 and first published on 07 Sep 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT31501G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2012,41, 12548-12557
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    Preparation and structures of coordination complexes of the very hard Lewis acids ZrF4 and HfF4

    S. L. Benjamin, W. Levason, D. Pugh, G. Reid and W. Zhang, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 12548
    DOI: 10.1039/C2DT31501G

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