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Issue 31, 2012
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Evidence for excited state intramolecular charge transfer in benzazole-based pseudo-stilbenes

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Abstract

Two azo compounds were obtained through the diazotization reaction of aminobenzazole derivatives and N,N-dimethylaniline using clay montmorillonite KSF as catalyst. The synthesized dyes were characterized using elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and 13C and 1H NMR spectroscopy in solution. Their photophysical behavior was studied using UV-vis and steady-state fluorescence in solution. These dyes present intense absorption in the blue region. The spectral features of the azo compounds can be related to the pseudo-stilbene type as well as the E isomer of the dyes. Excitation at the absorption maxima does not produce emissive species in the excited state. However, excitation around 350 nm allowed dual emission of fluorescence, from both a locally excited (LE, short wavelength) and an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT, long wavelength) state, which was corroborated by a linear relation of the fluorescence maximum (νmax) versus the solvent polarity function (Δf) from the Lippert–Mataga correlation. Evidence of TICT in these dyes was discussed from the viscosity dependence of the fluorescence intensity in the ICT emission band. Theoretical calculations were also performed in order to study the geometry and charge distribution of the dyes in their ground and excited electronic states. Using DFT methods at the theoretical levels BLYP/Aug-cc-pVDZ, for geometry optimizations and frequency calculations, and B3LYP/6-311+G(2d), for single-point energy evaluations, the calculations revealed that the least energetic and most intense photon absorption leads to a very polar excited state that relaxes non-radioactively, which can be associated with photochemical isomerization.

Graphical abstract: Evidence for excited state intramolecular charge transfer in benzazole-based pseudo-stilbenes

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Article information


Submitted
19 Mar 2012
Accepted
11 Jun 2012
First published
13 Jun 2012

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 10994-11001
Article type
Paper

Evidence for excited state intramolecular charge transfer in benzazole-based pseudo-stilbenes

F. D. S. Santos, R. R. Descalzo, P. F. B. Gonçalves, E. V. Benvenutti and F. S. Rodembusch, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 10994
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40870H

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