Electronic coherence within the semiclassical field-induced surface hopping method: strong field quantum control in K2
We demonstrate that the semiclassical field-induced surface hopping (FISH) method (Mitrić et al., Phys. Rev. A: At., Mol., Opt. Phys., 2009, 79, 053416.) accurately describes the selective coherent control of electronic state populations. With the example of the strong field control in the potassium dimer using phase-coherent double pulse sequences, we present a detailed comparison between FISH simulations and exact quantum dynamics. We show that for short pulses the variation of the time delay between the subpulses allows for a selective population of the desired final state with high efficiency. Furthermore, also for pulses of longer time duration, when substantial nuclear motion takes place during the action of the pulse, optimized pulse shapes can be obtained which lead to selective population transfer. For both types of pulses, the FISH method almost perfectly reproduces the exact quantum mechanical electronic population dynamics, fully taking account of the electronic coherence, and describes the leading features of the nuclear dynamics accurately. Due to the significantly higher computational efficiency of FISH as a trajectory-based method compared to full quantum dynamics simulations, this offers the possibility to theoretically investigate control experiments on realistic systems including all nuclear degrees of freedom.