Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 7, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

An operando Raman study of molecular structure and reactivity of molybdenum(vi) oxide supported on anatase for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

Author affiliations

Abstract

Supported molybdenum oxide catalysts on TiO2 (anatase) with surface densities in the range of 1.8–17.0 Mo per nm2 were studied at temperatures of 410–480 °C for unraveling the configuration and molecular structure of the deposited (MoOx)n species and examining their behavior for the ethane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH). In situ Raman and in situFTIR spectra under oxidizing conditions combined with 18O/16O isotope exchange studies provide the first sound evidence for mono-oxo configuration for the deposited (MoOx)n species on anatase. Isolated O[double bond, length as m-dash]Mo(–O–)3 tetra-coordinated species in C3v-like symmetry prevail at all surface coverages with a low presence of associated (polymeric) species (probably penta-coordinated) evidenced at high coverages, below the approximate monolayer of 6 Mo per nm2. A mechanistic scenario for 18O/16O isotope exchange and next-nearest-neighbor vibrational isotope effect is proposed at the molecular level to account for the pertinent spectral observations. Catalytic measurements for ethane ODH with simultaneous monitoring of operandoRaman spectra were performed. The selectivity to ethylene increases with increasing surface density up to the monolayer coverage, where primary steps of ethane activation follow selective reaction pathways leading to ∼100% C2H4 selectivity. The operandoRaman spectra and a quantitative exploitation of the relative normalized Mo[double bond, length as m-dash]O band intensities for surface densities of 1.8–5.9 Mo per nm2 and various residence times show that the terminal Mo[double bond, length as m-dash]O sites are involved in non-selective reaction turnovers. Reaction routes follow primarily non-selective pathways at low coverage and selective pathways at high coverage. Trends in the initial rates of ethane consumption (apparent reactivity per Mo) as a function of Mo surface density are discussed on the basis of several factors.

Graphical abstract: An operando Raman study of molecular structure and reactivity of molybdenum(vi) oxide supported on anatase for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 11 Aug 2011, accepted on 11 Nov 2011 and first published on 05 Dec 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22586C
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 2216-2228

  •   Request permissions

    An operando Raman study of molecular structure and reactivity of molybdenum(VI) oxide supported on anatase for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

    G. Tsilomelekis and S. Boghosian, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 2216
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22586C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements