Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 2, 2012
Previous Article Next Article

Overhauser DNP with 15N labelled Frémy's salt at 0.35 Tesla

Author affiliations


The effectiveness of dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) as a tool to enhance the sensitivity of liquid state NMR critically depends on the choice of the optimal polarizer molecule. In this study the performance of 15N labelled Frémy's salt as a polarizing agent in Overhauser DNP is investigated in detail at X-band (0.35 T, 9.7 GHz EPR, 15 MHz 1H NMR) and compared to that of TEMPONE-D,15N employed in previous studies. Both radicals provide similar maximum enhancements of the solventwater protons under similar conditions but a different saturation behaviour. The factors determining the enhancement and effective saturation were measured independently by EPR, ELDOR and NMRD and are shown to fulfil the Overhauser equation. In particular, following the theory of EPR saturation we provide analytical solutions for the dependence of the enhancement on the microwave field strength in terms of saturation transfer between two coupled hyperfine lines undergoing spin exchange. The negative charge of the radical in Frémy's salt solutions can explain the peculiar properties of this polarizing agent and indicates different suitable application areas for the two types of nitroxide radicals.

Graphical abstract: Overhauser DNP with 15N labelled Frémy's salt at 0.35 Tesla

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jul 2011, accepted on 05 Oct 2011 and first published on 09 Nov 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22332A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 502-510
  •   Request permissions

    Overhauser DNP with 15N labelled Frémy's salt at 0.35 Tesla

    M. Türke, G. Parigi, C. Luchinat and M. Bennati, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 502
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22332A

Search articles by author