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Issue 16, 2012
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Surprisingly complex supramolecular behaviour in the crystal structures of a family of mono-substituted salicylic acids

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Abstract

Crystal structure packing analyses of a family of monosubstituted salicylic acids, including some hydrates, show a surprisingly varied choice of supramolecular arrangements, even though the expected carboxyl–carboxyl dimer occurs in 17 of the 24 structures studied, and the 2-hydroxyl group hydrogen bonds with the carboxyl carbonyl oxygen in all molecules. In three of the four hydrates (3-MeO, 3NO2 and 5-Cl), the water molecules disrupt the carboxyl–carboxyl dimer to form a centrosymmetric [carboxyl–water]2 cluster. In the fourth hydrate, of the 5-acetamido (ACM) derivative, one water molecule forms an (ACM)C[double bond, length as m-dash]O⋯H–O(H)⋯H–O(carbox) single bridge. In the 4-ACM structure, the acetamido and carboxyl groups interact via (ACM)C[double bond, length as m-dash]O⋯H–O(carbox) and (ACM–Me)C–H⋯O[double bond, length as m-dash]C(carbox) double bridges, whilst the 6-MeO molecules, in which the carboxyl OH group is H-bonding intramolecularly to the MeO oxygen, forming catemers via bifurcating carboxyl OH and C[double bond, length as m-dash]O functions. The remaining outlier is the 5-amino (5-NH2) derivative, which exists in a zwitterionic form, with one carboxyl oxygen forming a short O⋯H–N intermolecular bond to an –NH3+ group, whilst the second oxygen forms three longer O⋯H–N bonds to three different –NH3+ groups. The larger, “normal” group of 17 derivatives adopt 16 different structures, generally comprising stacks of molecules with varying relative shifts of the molecular planes, and interactions involving the substituents. Surprisingly, the family contains only two polymorphic pairs, 5-Br α, β and 5-I α, β, in each of which the forms show low similarities, but two isostructures, the 5-Br α and 5-I β forms.

Graphical abstract: Surprisingly complex supramolecular behaviour in the crystal structures of a family of mono-substituted salicylic acids

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
08 Mar 2012
Accepted
09 May 2012
First published
10 May 2012

CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 5242-5254
Article type
Paper

Surprisingly complex supramolecular behaviour in the crystal structures of a family of mono-substituted salicylic acids

R. Montis and M. B. Hursthouse, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 5242
DOI: 10.1039/C2CE25336D

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