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Issue 6, 2011
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UCST-type behavior of poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] (POEGMA) in aliphatic alcohols: solvent, co-solvent, molecular weight, and end group dependences

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Abstract

Poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] (POEGMA) is shown to possess insoluble–soluble transitions (UCST-type phase behavior) in a large variety of aliphatic alcohols. Samples of different molecular weights ranging from 5 kg mol−1 to 23 kg mol−1 prepared by the RAFT process and featuring different end groups at each end were analyzed by cloud point measurements. Transitions occurred sharply and were fully reversible. The UCST was found to increase with an increasing molecular weight. Hydrophobic (alkyl chain) end groups were found to lower the critical temperature in isopropanol, while rigid aromatic end groups raised the transition temperature. In ternary mixtures of isopropanol/chloroform/POEGMA, the UCST decreased with an increasing chloroform concentration, with 10 vol% of chloroform accounting for a 30 °C drop. In mixtures of isopropanol/hexane/POEGMA, the cloud point increased significantly only with hexane concentrations above 30 vol%, at which level a 2 °C transition temperature increase was found. Addition of water to isopropanol solutions had a strong effect, with 1 vol% of water causing a decrease of the transition temperature of 12.5 °C. With an increasing chain length of the solvent, the cloud point increased, while a branching of the hydrocarbon chains lowered the cloud point. Samples of 23 kg mol−1POEGMA were for instance found to have cloud points of 22.0 °C in ethanol, 35.7 °C in isopentanol, and 75.4 °C in dodecanol.

Graphical abstract: UCST-type behavior of poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] (POEGMA) in aliphatic alcohols: solvent, co-solvent, molecular weight, and end group dependences

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Nov 2010, accepted on 10 Jan 2011 and first published on 11 Feb 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0SM01324B
Citation: Soft Matter, 2011,7, 2484-2492
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    UCST-type behavior of poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] (POEGMA) in aliphatic alcohols: solvent, co-solvent, molecular weight, and end group dependences

    P. J. Roth, F. D. Jochum and P. Theato, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 2484
    DOI: 10.1039/C0SM01324B

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