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Issue 5, 2011
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Adsorption mechanism of single amino acid and surfactant molecules to Au {111} surfaces in aqueous solution: design rules for metal-binding molecules

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Abstract

The adsorption mechanism of twenty amino acids and four surfactants was examined on a {111} surface of gold in dilute aqueous solution using molecular dynamics simulation with a broadly applicable intermolecular potential CHARMM–METAL. All molecules are attracted to the surface between −3 and −26 kcal mol−1. The adsorption strength correlates with the degree of coordination of polarizable atoms (O, N, C) to multiple epitaxial sites. Therefore, the molecular size and geometry rather than the specific chemistry determine the adsorption energy. Large molecules with planar sp2 hybridized groups (Arg, Trp, Gln, Tyr, Asn, and PPh3) adsorb most strongly, followed by molecules with polar sp3 hybridized groups, and short molecules with sp3 hybridized alkyl groups exhibit least attraction. Conformationally flexible, extended molecules such as hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) also showed significant attraction to the metal surface related to accommodation in epitaxial grooves and coordination with numerous epitaxial sites. Computational results are consistent with combinatorial binding experiments, observations in the growth and stabilization of metal nanoparticles, and ab initio data. The mechanism of adsorption conforms to soft epitaxy observed for peptides on metal surfaces (H. Heinz et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 9704) and enables the de novo design of molecules for binding to a given metal surface. In addition to soft epitaxy, contributions to adsorption are possible by covalent bonding and induced charges.

Graphical abstract: Adsorption mechanism of single amino acid and surfactant molecules to Au {111} surfaces in aqueous solution: design rules for metal-binding molecules

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
07 Oct 2010
Accepted
02 Dec 2010
First published
06 Jan 2011

Soft Matter, 2011,7, 2113-2120
Article type
Paper

Adsorption mechanism of single amino acid and surfactant molecules to Au {111} surfaces in aqueous solution: design rules for metal-binding molecules

J. Feng, R. B. Pandey, R. J. Berry, B. L. Farmer, R. R. Naik and H. Heinz, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 2113
DOI: 10.1039/C0SM01118E

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