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Issue 3, 2011
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Switchable Ionic liquids (SILs) based on glycerol and acid gases

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Abstract

New types of switchable ionic liquids (SILs), containing 1,8-diazabicyclo-[5.4.0]-undec-7-ene (DBU), glycerol and an acid gas (CO2, SO2), were synthesized and characterized in this study. [DBU][Carbonate] or [sulfonate] were easily synthesized from a non-ionic mixture of molecular organic polyol and amidine base upon bubbling of an acid gas (CO2, SO2). Moreover, they were switched back to the original molecular solvents by flushing out the acid gas (CO2, SO2) by heating and/or bubbling an inert gas such as N2 through it. The structures of the SILs were confirmed by NMR and FTIR. The change from low polarity (molecular solvent) to high polarity (Switchable Ionic Liquid, SIL) was also indicated by the changes in properties, such as viscosity and miscibility with different organic solvents. The decomposition temperatures of the SILs were determined by means of Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and gave values in the range of 50 °C and 120 °C for DBU-glycerol-CO2 (SIL1) and DBU-glycerol-SO2 (SIL2), respectively. Due to the reasonable decomposition temperatures, these novel SILs can be employed in multiple applications.

Graphical abstract: Switchable Ionic liquids (SILs) based on glycerol and acid gases

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 May 2011, accepted on 13 Jun 2011 and first published on 10 Aug 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00154J
Citation: RSC Adv., 2011,1, 452-457

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    Switchable Ionic liquids (SILs) based on glycerol and acid gases

    I. Anugwom, P. Mäki-Arvela, P. Virtanen, P. Damlin, R. Sjöholm and J. Mikkola, RSC Adv., 2011, 1, 452
    DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00154J

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