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Issue 6, 2011
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Arrays of size and distance controlled platinum nanoparticles fabricated by a colloidal method

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Abstract

Based on emulsion polymerization in the presence of a Pt complex, polystyrene (PS) particles were prepared exhibiting a well defined average diameter with narrow size-distribution. Furthermore, the colloids contain a controlled concentration of the Pt precursor complex. Optimized coating of Si substrates with such colloids leads to extended areas of hexagonally ordered close-packed PS particles. Subsequent application of plasma etching and annealing steps allows complete removal of the PS carriers and in parallel nucleation and growth of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) which are located at the original center of the PS colloids. In this way, hexagonally arranged spherical Pt NPs are obtained with controlled size and interparticle distances demonstrating variability and precision with so far unknown parameter scalability. This control is demonstrated by the fabrication of Pt NP arrays at a fixed particle distance of 185 nm while systematically varying the diameters between 8 and 15 nm. Further progress could be achieved by seeded emulsion polymerization. Here, Pt loaded PS colloids of 130 nm were used as seeds for a subsequent additional emulsion polymerization, systematically enlarging the diameter of the PS particles. Applying the plasma and annealing steps as above, in this way hexagonally ordered arrays of 9 nm Pt NPs could be obtained at distances up to 260 nm. To demonstrate their stability, such Pt particles were used as etching masks during reactive ion etching thereby transferring their hexagonal pattern into the Si substrate resulting in corresponding arrays of nanopillars.

Graphical abstract: Arrays of size and distance controlled platinum nanoparticles fabricated by a colloidal method

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
14 Feb 2011
Accepted
30 Mar 2011
First published
06 May 2011

Nanoscale, 2011,3, 2523-2528
Article type
Paper

Arrays of size and distance controlled platinum nanoparticles fabricated by a colloidal method

A. Manzke, N. Vogel, C. K. Weiss, U. Ziener, A. Plettl, K. Landfester and P. Ziemann, Nanoscale, 2011, 3, 2523
DOI: 10.1039/C1NR10169B

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