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Issue 2, 2011
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Accumulation of rare earth elements in human bone within the lifespan

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Abstract

For the first time, the contents of rare earth elements (REEs) in a rib bone of a healthy human were determined. The mean value of the contents of Ce, Dy, Er, Gd, La, Nd, Pr, Sm, Tb, and Yb (10 elements out of 17 total REEs), as well as the upper limit of means for Ho, Lu, Tm, and Y (4 elements) were measured in the rib bone tissue of 38 females and 42 males (15 to 55 years old) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). We found age-related accumulation of REEs in the bone tissue of healthy individuals who lived in a non-industrial region. It was calculated that during a lifespan the content of REEs in a skeleton of non-industrial region residents may increase by one to two orders of magnitude. Using our results as indicative normal values and published data we estimated relative Gd accumulation in the bone tissue of patients according to magnetic resonance imaging with contrast agent and La accumulation in the bone tissue of patients receiving hemodialysis after treatment with lanthanum carbonate as a phosphate binder. It was shown that after such procedures contents of Gd and La in the bone tissue of patients are two to three orders of magnitude higher than normal levels. In our opinion, REEs incorporation may affect bone quality and health similar to other potentially toxic trace metals. The impact of elevated REEs content on bone physiology, biochemistry and morphology requires further investigation.

Graphical abstract: Accumulation of rare earth elements in human bone within the lifespan

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Nov 2010, accepted on 24 Nov 2010 and first published on 21 Dec 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0MT00069H
Citation: Metallomics, 2011,3, 186-194
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    Accumulation of rare earth elements in human bone within the lifespan

    S. Zaichick, V. Zaichick, V. Karandashev and S. Nosenko, Metallomics, 2011, 3, 186
    DOI: 10.1039/C0MT00069H

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