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Issue 3, 2011
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Hydrogel droplet microarrays with trapped antibody-functionalized beads for multiplexed protein analysis

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Abstract

Antibody microarrays are a powerful tool for rapid, multiplexed profiling of proteins. 3D microarray substrates have been developed to improve binding capacity, assay sensitivity, and mass transport, however, they often rely on photopolymers which are difficult to manufacture and have a small pore size that limits mass transport and demands long incubation time. Here, we present a novel 3D antibody microarray format based on the entrapment of antibody-coated microbeads within alginate droplets that were spotted onto a glass slide using an inkjet. Owing to the low concentration of alginate used, the gels were highly porous to proteins, and together with the 3D architecture helped enhance mass transport during the assays. The spotting parameters were optimized for the attachment of the alginate to the substrate. Beads with 0.2 µm, 0.5 µm and 1 µm diameter were tested and 1 µm beads were selected based on their superior retention within the hydrogel. The beads were found to be distributed within the entire volume of the gel droplet using confocal microscopy. The assay time and the concentration of beads in the gels were investigated for maximal binding signal using one-step immunoassays. As a proof of concept, six proteins including cytokines (TNFα, IL-8 and MIP/CCL4), breast cancer biomarkers (CEA and HER2) and one cancer-related protein (ENG) were profiled in multiplex using sandwich assays down to pg mL−1 concentrations with 1 h incubation without agitation in both buffer solutions and 10% serum. These results illustrate the potential of beads-in-gel microarrays for highly sensitive and multiplexed protein analysis.

Graphical abstract: Hydrogel droplet microarrays with trapped antibody-functionalized beads for multiplexed protein analysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Aug 2010, accepted on 04 Nov 2010 and first published on 01 Dec 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00291G
Citation: Lab Chip, 2011,11, 528-534

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    Hydrogel droplet microarrays with trapped antibody-functionalized beads for multiplexed protein analysis

    H. Li, R. F. Leulmi and D. Juncker, Lab Chip, 2011, 11, 528
    DOI: 10.1039/C0LC00291G

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