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Issue 48, 2011
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Co-precipitation synthesis of micro-sized spherical LiMn0.5Fe0.5PO4 cathode material for lithium batteries

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Abstract

It is important to increase the energy density of olivine-type cathode materials utilizing micro-sized particles for rechargeable lithium batteries. However, according to the literature, micro-sized LiMn1−xFexPO4 compounds have limited specific capacity because they exhibit lower electrical conductivity than nano-sized materials: isolation of the inner part of the particles from the electrolyte results in an electrochemically inactive area during cycling, which hinders proper Li+ transport that causes the failure of the micron-sized particles. To improve the electrical conductivity of micro-sized LiMn1−xFexPO4, we designated micro-sized C-LiMn0.5Fe0.5PO4 materials composed of nanopores in the micro-sized particles synthesized viaco-precipitation. The resulting morphology was spherical, showing a tap density of 1.27 g cm−3, and uniform carbon coating layers on the primary particles with nanopores were observed in the secondary particles. The as-synthesized micro-sized C-LiMn0.5Fe0.5PO4 exhibited outstanding cyclability at a C-rate of 0.5, retaining 97% of its capacity at room temperature and 85% at 55 °C, due to the synergetic effect of the presence of a uniform carbon coating layer on the primary particles with nanopores in the secondary particles.

Graphical abstract: Co-precipitation synthesis of micro-sized spherical LiMn0.5Fe0.5PO4 cathode material for lithium batteries

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Article information


Submitted
11 Aug 2011
Accepted
04 Oct 2011
First published
02 Nov 2011

J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 19368-19374
Article type
Paper

Co-precipitation synthesis of micro-sized spherical LiMn0.5Fe0.5PO4 cathode material for lithium batteries

S. Oh, S. Myung, Y. S. Choi, K. H. Oh and Y. Sun, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 19368
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM13889H

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